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Bipolar Disorder Treatment Centers

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, close to 6 million adults are diagnosed with bipolar disorder every year. The median age of onset bipolar disorder is placed at 25 years of age. Previously referred to as manic depression, bipolar disorder is now largely considered as the world’s top 6 leading causes of disability. This is easy to understand as frequent shifts in mood and energy can adversely affect an individual’s performance in the every day life.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorders

There are several types of bipolar disorders, which means the symptoms of the disorders can vary as well. For Bipolar Type I, the main problem is mania, while for Bipolar II the issue is in depression. Both however will be interspersed with either major depression or hypomania, respectively. For cyclothymic disorder, the main symptoms are related to hypomania and depression of a lesser magnitude.

During a period of mania, the individual may show any of the following:

  • Inflated ego or self-esteem
  • Feelings of grandiosity
  • Racing thoughts
  • Easily distracted
  • Decreased need for rest and sleep
  • Easily agitated
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Doing highly unusual things, which may have disastrous consequences

It should be noted that a manic episode or a major depressive episode is largely defined by the extent to which the episode has disrupted normal activities of daily living. If the individual is still able to function, then it is considered as hypomania or minor depressive episode. If the individual can no longer function properly it is termed manic episode or major depressive episode.

During a period of depression, the individual may show any of the following:

  • Depressed mood most of the time for nearly every day
  • Significantly reduced interest in previously enjoyable activities
  • Changes in weight as well as appetite
  • Changes in sleeping pattern whether excessive sleeping or insomnia
  • Changes in motor behavior whether sluggish or restless
  • Feelings of decreased sense of self-worth
  • Inability to make decisions
  • Inability to concentrate or focus
  • Excessive or inappropriate guilt
  • Suicidal ideation

Other symptoms include anxiety, melancholy, catatonia, rapid cycling, and psychoses, which can include delusions and hallucinations. It is also possible that the bipolar disorder can take on a seasonal pattern as well as periportal onset.

Defining Bipolar Disorder

bipolar manThe Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder has outlined several criteria to help healthcare professionals accurately diagnose bipolar disorders. It should be understood that there are at least three major types of bipolar disorders and a fourth classification that encompasses bipolar disorders. Which is secondary to certain medical conditions as well as the use of certain medications and illicit substances. Whatever the type, the main presenting symptom is a period of mania or excessive joy and happiness interspersed with periods of extreme depression or sadness. It is this characteristic ups (mania) and downs (depression) that give bipolar disorder its unique name, which literally translates into two direct opposites in the same continuum.

Causes of Bipolar Disorders

Experts cannot pinpoint what is the exact cause of bipolar disorders. Physiologic changes to the brain have been cited as one of the most likely culprits in addition to an imbalance in the level of neurotransmitters. Researchers also point to the possibility of a hereditary transmission of the mental illness because first-degree relatives are known to increase the risk of developing bipolar disorders.

Sprout Health Group has a team of highly dedicated and highly experienced multi-disciplinary specialists and staff to help individuals in their psychotherapy as well as other complementary therapies.

Treating Bipolar Disorders

There is a type of bipolar disorder that is closely linked to the effects of medications and illicit substances. Individuals with bipolar disorders must be carefully examined for the possibility of a co-occurring condition such as substance abuse disorders, anxiety disorders, and even PTSD. Since one of the possible caues is a physiologic change to the structure and function of the brain. Medical conditions that may affect the brain have to be carefully evaluated. For example, Cushing’s syndrome, stroke, and multiple sclerosis have all been linked to the development of bipolar disorders.

bipolar treatmentTreatment will be dependent on the extent of the effects of the bipolar disorder in the life of the individual. Nevertheless, Sprout Health Group strongly espouses the need for providing opportunities for individuals to regain control of their lives so that they can live happier, more fulfilling, and more balanced lives. Depending on the type of the bipolar disorder, antimanic agents, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, or antipsychotics may be administered in order to help reduce the effects of the disorder on their everyday functioning. In addition to pharmacotherapy, individuals are also provided with a variety of psychotherapeutic modalities such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, social therapy or interpersonal therapy, and family-focused therapy. Education is also important especially in helping the individual recognize mood changes and be able to identify what methods to use to help manage such changes.

With the right treatment and the supportive atmosphere of our residential program facilities, individuals with bipolar disorders can learn to harness their weaknesses. In turn, they will be able to live a life that is full of joy, pride, and fulfillment.

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