Sub-Acute Detox Treatments Program
In light of an addiction treatment, Acute detox treatments are those that aim to manage serious and oft-life-threatening withdrawal symptoms and stabilize the patient’s condition. This takes place before the patient is transferred to the next phase of the addiction treatment process. If the individual’s substance addiction is not severe or will not result in life-threatening withdrawal symptoms, then a sub-acute detox treatment is recommended.
Experts agree that individuals with addictions need to experience high-quality care in a setting that does not restrict their personal freedoms. In an acute detox facility, the individual will be placed in a very secure environment with highly structured treatments. In a way, the individual will be solely dependent on the actions of others in the care that they provide. In a sub-acute detox facility, the individual undergoes detoxification while still enjoying some personal freedom.
Supportive Care in Sub-Acute Detox
Individuals undergoing sub-acute detox will receive supportive care, continuous monitoring, and the prompt management of their withdrawal symptoms. It is designed for them to recover successfully from their addictions. A sub-acute detox is generally similar to an acute detox program, the main difference being that the care is not so extensive that it already gets in the way of personal freedom. In a sub-acute detox program, there are no aggressive pharmacological or even psychological interventions. This being said, healthcare providers in a sub-acute detox program will still provide supportive care especially in terms of nutrition in order to help the body repair and heal itself.
For example, if the patient experiences nausea and vomiting, antiemetic or GIT regulators may be administered. Patients who are anxious, restless, or even have trouble sleeping may be given sedative-hypnotics such as benzodiazepines, anxiolytics, and even barbiturates but in highly controlled doses. Individuals who may have high blood pressure and very rapid heartbeat, beta-adrenergic blockers such as atenolol, bisoprolol, and propranolol may be administered to help them. The point is that whatever symptom the individual may experience from a withdrawal of the addicting substance, medications can be used to mitigate these symptoms.
Sub-acute detoxification also requires continuing psychosocial support especially in terms of helping the individual find the inner motivation to complete their detoxification. In cases where the addiction is deemed mild to moderate, psychotherapies can be performed in conjunction with the detox treatment. Psychosocial support mechanisms have been shown to be highly beneficial in helping individuals get through the process of detoxification successfully. Psychotherapists and cognitive behavioral specialists help individuals examine their reasons why they became addicted to substances. This is very crucial in order to help them understand that a great majority of these reasons can be managed in an entirely different and, more often than not, more constructive ways. Therapists help the individual recognize the roots of their addiction in order to gain an understanding of how they will be able to manage these triggers once they have completed their addiction treatments and have returned to their homes and neighborhoods.
Sprout Health Group’s nutritional support is also important in sub-acute detox as the body tries to repair and heal itself. This can be facilitated if the correct nutrients are supplied. One of the major issues of substance addiction is the change that occurs in the basic drive of humans. Normally, hunger is a drive that needs to be satisfied. In substance addiction, the drug or the alcohol effectively bypasses this drive and creates an entirely different need. In other words, the part of the brain that regulates hunger has been effectively suppressed. That is why many individuals who become addicted no longer feel hungry. Without the hunger drive, the body will not be able to obtain the correct types and amounts of nutrients it requires in order to function optimally. In the event that the individual cannot find the will to eat simply because of appetite suppression by the addicting substance, nutritional support may have to be administered via intravenous means to bypass the digestive tract. This is why a dietician will almost always be an important part of the team to create more nutritious and more enticing food.