Bipolar Disorder Treatment Centers
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, close to 6 million adults are diagnosed with bipolar disorder every year. The median age of onset bipolar disorder is placed at 25 years of age. Previously referred to as manic depression, bipolar disorder is now largely considered as the world’s top 6 leading causes of disability. This is easy to understand as frequent shifts in mood and energy can adversely affect an individual’s performance in the every day life.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorders
There are several types of bipolar disorders, which means the symptoms of the disorders can vary as well. For Bipolar Type I, the main problem is mania, while for Bipolar II the issue is in depression. Both however will be interspersed with either major depression or hypomania, respectively. For cyclothymic disorder, the main symptoms are related to hypomania and depression of a lesser magnitude.
During a period of mania, the individual may show any of the following:
Doing highly unusual things, which may have disastrous consequences
During a period of depression, the individual may show any of the following:
Other symptoms include anxiety, melancholy, catatonia, rapid cycling, and psychoses, which can include delusions and hallucinations. It is also possible that the bipolar disorder can take on a seasonal pattern as well as periportal onset.
Defining Bipolar Disorder
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder has outlined several criteria to help healthcare professionals accurately diagnose bipolar disorders. It should be understood that there are at least three major types of bipolar disorders and a fourth classification that encompasses bipolar disorders. Which is secondary to certain medical conditions as well as the use of certain medications and illicit substances. Whatever the type, the main presenting symptom is a period of mania or excessive joy and happiness interspersed with periods of extreme depression or sadness. It is this characteristic ups (mania) and downs (depression) that give bipolar disorder its unique name, which literally translates into two direct opposites in the same continuum.
Causes of Bipolar Disorders
Experts cannot pinpoint what is the exact cause of bipolar disorders. Physiologic changes to the brain have been cited as one of the most likely culprits in addition to an imbalance in the level of neurotransmitters. Researchers also point to the possibility of a hereditary transmission of the mental illness because first-degree relatives are known to increase the risk of developing bipolar disorders.
Treating Bipolar Disorders
There is a type of bipolar disorder that is closely linked to the effects of medications and illicit substances. Individuals with bipolar disorders must be carefully examined for the possibility of a co-occurring condition such as substance abuse disorders, anxiety disorders, and even PTSD. Since one of the possible caues is a physiologic change to the structure and function of the brain. Medical conditions that may affect the brain have to be carefully evaluated. For example, Cushing’s syndrome, stroke, and multiple sclerosis have all been linked to the development of bipolar disorders.
Treatment will be dependent on the extent of the effects of the bipolar disorder in the life of the individual. Nevertheless, Sprout Health Group strongly espouses the need for providing opportunities for individuals to regain control of their lives so that they can live happier, more fulfilling, and more balanced lives. Depending on the type of the bipolar disorder, antimanic agents, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, or antipsychotics may be administered in order to help reduce the effects of the disorder on their everyday functioning. In addition to pharmacotherapy, individuals are also provided with a variety of psychotherapeutic modalities such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, social therapy or interpersonal therapy, and family-focused therapy. Education is also important especially in helping the individual recognize mood changes and be able to identify what methods to use to help manage such changes.
With the right treatment and the supportive atmosphere of our residential program facilities, individuals with bipolar disorders can learn to harness their weaknesses. In turn, they will be able to live a life that is full of joy, pride, and fulfillment.