Opiate Addiction Treatment Centers
Opiates are a class of prescription drugs that are most commonly abused. In fact, 3 out of 5 individuals with prescription drug addictions are addicted to opiates. These substances are often indicated in the management of moderate to severe intractable pain as well as in the reduction of anxiety. If they are taken in substantially larger doses, opiates can produce euphoria which can be addictive.
It should be made clear that opiates are natural derivatives of the opium poppy. Examples of opiates are morphine, heroin, and codeine. Now, opioids are quite different, although they do have the same effects. Opioids are largely synthetic or partially-synthetic substances. Examples of opioids are methadone, oxycodone, pethidine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, and fentanyl. These drugs are morphologically and chemically similar to the naturally-occurring opiates. The only difference is that they have been synthesized by combining several chemicals to produce a molecule that is similar to opiates.
Opiates are very effective in terms of enhancing the effects of endorphins and enkephalins. Their pain management effectiveness is largely attributed to their ability to alter the way the brain interprets pain. Opiates bind to opiate receptors in the brain which then transmit signals to the pain regulation center. Unfortunately, what happens is that the electrical signals carry a more distorted interpretation of the pain especially in terms of its severity. This leads the brain into thinking that the pain is not really severe. Consequently, this leads to euphoric effects followed by a feeling of general relaxation and sleepiness. When used chronically, the body no longer produces endogenous endorphins and enkephalins because it has already grown accustomed to the pain-relieving effects of opiates. This effect makes the individual continue to seek opiates, in an effort to counter the growing withdrawal symptoms.
Generally, however, the earliest manifestations of opiate toxicity include agitation and anxiety including restlessness. It is also possible that the individual will experience muscle aches, insomnia, runny nose, and excessive tearing and sweating. In advanced cases, nausea and vomiting can lead to electrolyte imbalances which can severely aggravate the already agitated cardiovascular functioning. Respiratory depression can also occur, which can be fatal if not managed properly. Abdominal cramping and diarrhea can also worsen the nutritional deficits experienced by the individual. Mood swings punctuated with severe anxiety on one end of the spectrum and severe depression in the other can affect the quality of life of the individual.
Therefore, treatement is geared towards the effective removal of opiates from the body. In some cases, the administration of naloxone can significantly reverse the effects of opiates especially its effects on respiratory functioning. Naloxone is an opioid antagonist which is primarily designed to counter the effects of opiates and opioids in the body. As the possibility of a rebound reaction is great, individuals undergoing naloxone administration should be carefully monitored.
This is where Sprout Health Group’s, innovative, experiential therapies can really help the individual. There are many proven techniques of managing pain. Mind-body therapies such as yoga, meditation, and Tai Chi can all provide the individual with the means to manage their pain without necessarily resorting to drugs. Group and family therapy remain important cornerstones in the management of opiate addiction, in that, sharing one’s experiences with pain and suffering with other people can help relieve emotional anxieties that can aggravate physical pain. Involving the family also helps as they will be the ones who will continue the care for their loved ones upon completion of the treatment program.
One of the major issues of opiate addiction is the unusually high rate of relapse. As such, our therapists and specialists at the Sprout Health Group will make sure that the individual is fully equipped with both the understanding and the skills needed to prevent relapses. This is where our Cognitive Behavioral Therapy regimen will be introduced. Our team of dedicated treatment professionals can devise a plan of care that takes into full consideration the individual’s opiate addiction.