Klonopin Addiction Treatment Centers
Klonopin is a brand name of clonazepam, one, of a class of prescription drugs known as benzodiazepines. Clonazepam or Klonopin is often prescribed by doctors for the management of anxiety and convulsions or seizure disorders. It is considered a short-acting benzodiazepine. Like other benzodiazepines, Klonopin acts on the brain to improve the inhibitory effects of gamma amino butyric acid or GABA. This makes it highly effective in the management of people who are agitated, restless, or very anxious. Klonopin relaxes and calms the individual.
Clonazepam is the third most commonly prescribed and abused benzodiazepine in the US, after alprazolam (Xanax) and lorazepam (Ativan). They account for more than 63,000 emergency room visits in 2011. According to NIDA, there are about 55 million Americans at least 12 years of age who have abused minor tranquilizers. There were more than 8,000 deaths related to benzodiazepine overdose in 2014. This was up by 445 percent from its levels in 2001. Three out of ten individuals who were ever admitted into a Klonopin or benzodiazepine treatment facility had a co-occurring psychiatric mental health problem. Three out of four individuals who were treated were also addicted to at least two other types of substances, often opiates and alcohol.
Klonopin exerts its effects on GABA, producing an overall inhibitory effect. Electrical nerve impulse transmission is dampened, leading to subsequent depression of neuronal activity. This is what produces the calming effect in anxious and restless individuals. Individuals with seizure disorders also benefit simply because seizure activities are largely attributed to erratic and abnormal firing of electrical signals in the neuronal network of the brain. By dampening these electrical firings, convulsions or seizures are effectively managed.
Unfortunately, removing Klonopin, or any other benzodiazepine for that matter, can lead to potentially life-threatening conditions. Because clonazepam also affects dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and acetylcholine; removing clonazepam from the body will lead to the overstimulation of these neurotransmitters. These can lead to both physiologic and psychological manifestations that can include high blood pressure, increased heart rate, and tissue oxygenation problems secondary to increased systemic pressure. Additionally, it can lead to parasomnias, insomnia, delusions, agitation, hallucinations, paranoia, nightmares, panic attacks, and muscle cramps. These manifestations are registered in the brain and should be avoided. This leads the individual to keep on taking Klonopin simply because the brain thinks that it is the only way to avert the unpleasant withdrawal effects.
There is an additional danger posed by Klonopin as well as any other benzodiazepine. It is a CNS depressant which can potentially lead to hypotension, shock, coma, and cardiopulmonary arrest. This is complicated even further when respiratory depression is involved. One good thing that needs to be understood is that Klonopin, when taken alone, rarely leads to severe complications. Unfortunately, when used with other CNS depressants like opiates, alcohol, opioid analgesics, or tricyclic antidepressants; Klonopin can lead to the development of very serious, often life-threatening, complications or reactions, faster than if Klonopin were consumed or taken alone. Klonopin overdose can produce dizziness, drowsiness, and decreased level of concentration as well as hypotension which can affect the level of tissue oxygenation in the body. Respiratory depression can be seen in the reduced rate and depth of breathing, and have been shown to complicate tissue oxygenation. Severe tissue hypoxia can lead to ischemia and then possibly kidney failure, stroke, or even cardiac arrest.
The psychological effects of Klonopin abuse can include impaired constructive thinking, severe emotional turmoil, agoraphobia, loss of libido or sex drive, severe depressive episodes, social phobia, generalized anxiety, and a general loss of interest in things and activities that were otherwise known to bring pleasure to the individual. They may also be unable to experience pleasurable feelings as well as the inability to express those pleasurable feelings they once had.
Klonopin treatment requires a comprehensive approach of the physical and psychological dependence issues. Gradual removal of Klonopin from the body is highly recommended in order to prevent the development of withdrawal symptoms. Many individuals perform a cold turkey approach to detoxification where the individual abruptly ceases taking any of the addictive substance. This can lead to potentially life-threatening complications associated with the Klonopin withdrawal. In order to prevent this from happening, it is important to gradually remove clonazepam from the system.
At Sprout Health Group, our Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has been proven to be particularly effective in the management of Klonopin addiction. This is particularly true in the management of both the Klonopin addiction and its co-occurring psychiatric mental health issues. Since Klonopin is indicated for the management of anxiety, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can help individuals get a better understanding of their anxiety triggers so that they will develop healthier behaviors and coping mechanisms. They will also learn how to use a variety of relaxation techniques as well as mind-body therapeutic modalities which will help them understand that they are not powerless when it comes to managing their anxieties and stresses.